Bundenbach Fossil
Starfish

of the Hunsruck Slate


Asteroidea & Ophiuridea

Loriolaster mirablilis_Bundenbach_S019
Loriolaster mirablilis_Bundenbach_S019_zoom

Loriolaster mirablilis (XL)
14 cm (Fossil); 18x16 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S063
Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S063_zoom

Furcaster palaeozoicus
17x19.5 cm (Matrix), 8 cm (Fossil)
Bundenbach; Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S077
Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S077_zoom

Furcaster palaeozoicus
14.5x16.5cm (Matrix), 8 cm (Fossil)
Bundenbach; Grube Obereschenbach

Bundenbachia beneckei; Bundenbach_S023_zoom
Bundenbachia beneckei; Bundenbach_S023

Bundenbachia beneckei
4 cm (Fossil)_13x16 cm (Matrix) 
found and prepared by W. Südkamp
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S014
Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S014_zoom

Furcaster palaeozoicus & Orbiculoidea mediorhena
9 cm (Fossil); 15x16 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach; Grube Obereschenbach

Ophiurina lymani_Bundenbach_S013_zoom
Ophiurina lymani_Bundenbach_S013

Ophiurina lymani
2.7 cm (Fossil); 11x10.5 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S012_zoom
Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S012

Urasterella asperula
6 cm (Fossil); 10.5x9.5 cm (Matrix) 
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Euzonosoma tischbeinianum_Bundenbach_S017
Euzonosoma tischbeinianum_Bundenbach_S017_zoom

Euzonosoma tischbeinianum
10 cm (Fossil); 17.5x12 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Bdellacoma verruculosa_Bundenbach_S018
Bdellacoma verruculosa_Bundenbach_S018_zoom

Bdellacoma verruculosa (covered with tiny pyrite cubes)
11.5 cm (Fossil); 18x18 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S020_zoom
Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S020

Urasterella asperula (XL & spiny)
10 cm (Fossil); 18x16.5 cm (Matrix) 
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Euzonosoma tischbeinianum_Bundenbach
Euzonosoma tischbeinianum_22x12 cm_zoom

Euzonosoma tischbeinianum
22x12 cm
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S021_zoom
Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_S021

Urasterella asperula
6.5 cm (Fossil); 21x21 cm (Matrix) 
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Bundenbachia beneckei & Ophiurina lymani_Bundenbach_S022
Bundenbachia beneckei & Ophiurina lymani_Bundenbach_S022_zoom

Bundenbachia beneckei & Ophiurina lymani
4 & 2.5 cm (Fossil); 21x18.5 cm (Matrix) 
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Medusaster rhenanus; 19.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 6.5 cm (fossil); Bundenbach Bundenbach
Medusaster rhenanus; 19.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 6.5 cm (fossil); Bundenbach _zoom

Medusaster rhenanus
19.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 6.5 cm (fossil);
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula (XL); 15x13 cm (matrix); 12 cm (fossil); Bundenbach
Urasterella asperula (XL); 15x13 cm (matrix); 12 cm (fossil); Bundenbach_zoom

Urasterella asperula
15x13 cm (matrix); 12 cm (fossil)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

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Medusaster rhenanus_Bundenbach_S016
Medusaster rhenanus_Bundenbach_S016_zoom

Medusaster rhenanus (rare)
4.5 cm (Fossil)_9x8 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S015a
Furcaster palaeozoicus_Bundenbach_S015a_zoom

Furcaster palaeozoicus (XL)
49 cm (Fossil); 15x16 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster decheni, Bundenbach_#2
Furcaster decheni_Bundenbach_#2_zoom

Furcaster decheni (XL)
12 cm (Fossil); Matrix: 19.4x19.5x1.5 cm
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula (XL); 17.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 5.5 cm (fossil); Bundenbach
Urasterella asperula (XL); 17.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 5.5 cm (fossil); Bundenbach_zoom

Urasterella asperula
17.5x16.5 cm (matrix); 5.5 cm (fossil);
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Loriolaster mirablilis;19x11 cm (matrix); 13 cm (fossil); Bundenbach
Loriolaster mirablilis;19x11 cm (matrix); 13 cm (fossil); Bundenbach_zoom

Loriolaster mirablilis
19x11 cm (matrix); 13 cm (fossil);
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Furcaster decheni, Bundenbach
Furcaster decheni_Bundenbach_zoom

Furcaster decheni (XL)
Fossil (18 cm); Matrix: 30x28x1.5 cm;
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach
Urasterella asperula_Bundenbach_zoom

Urasterella asperula (XL & spiny)
Fossil (12 cm), Matrix: 25x21x1.2 cm
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Bdellacoma verruculosa_Bundenbach
Bdellacoma verruculosa_Bundenbach_zoom

Bdellacoma verruculosa
Fossil (9 cm), Matrix: 18x16 cm
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Taeniaster beneckei_Bundenbach
Taeniaster beneckei_Bundenbach_zoom

Taeniaster beneckei
19.5x16 cm
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

Urasterella_asperula_Bundenbach_2

Urasterella asperula

Urasterella_asperula_Bundenbach_2_zoom

Urasterella asperula

Urasterella asperula
25x21x1.2 cm (Matrix)
Bundenbach, Grube Obereschenbach

About Fossil Starfish and Brittle Star

The fossil record for starfish is ancient, dating back to the Ordovician around 450 million years ago, but it is rather sparse, as starfish tend to disintegrate after death. Only the ossicles and spines of the animal are likely to be preserved, making remains hard to locate. With their appealing symmetrical shape, starfish have played a part in literature, legend, design and popular culture. They are sometimes collected as curios, used in design or as logos, and in some cultures, despite possible toxicity, they are eaten.

Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea. Common usage frequently finds these names being also applied to ophiuroids, which are correctly referred to as brittle stars or basket stars. Starfish are also known as Asteroids due to being in the class Asteroidea. About 1,500 species of starfish occur on the seabed in all the world's oceans, from the tropics to frigid polar waters. They are found from the intertidal zone down to abyssal depths, 6,000 m (20,000 ft) below the surface. 

Starfish are marine invertebrates. They typically have a central disc and usually five arms, though some species have a larger number of arms. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, and is covered with overlapping plates. Many species are brightly coloured in various shades of red or orange, while others are blue, grey or brown. Starfish have tube feet operated by a hydraulic system and a mouth at the centre of the oral or lower surface. They are opportunistic feeders and are mostly predators on benthic invertebrates. Several species have specialized feeding behaviours including eversion of their stomachs and suspension feeding. They have complex life cycles and can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most can regenerate damaged parts or lost arms and they can shed arms as a means of defense. The Asteroidea occupy several significant ecological roles. Starfish, such as the ochre sea star (Pisaster ochraceus) and the reef sea star (Stichaster australis), have become widely known as examples of the keystone species concept in ecology. The tropical crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) is a voracious predator of coral throughout the Indo-Pacific region, and the northern Pacific sea star is considered to be one of the world's 100 worst invasive species.

Source: Wikipedia

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